Posted 27 March 2012 - 09:47 PM
Cytology: From the Greek: Cyte- meaning "cell" and -ology meaning "study of". Basically means to take a look at the cell population under a microscope. For a uterine cytology, an extra swab is collected and then rolled out on a glass slide. The slide dries, is stained and then evaluated under the microscope to determine what is REALLY going on. Uterine cultures have the biggest drawback that 1. Just because you DON'T get bacterial growth, doesn't mean it isn't there. 2. Just because you DO get bacterial growth, doesn't mean its from the uterus and 3. Uterine cultures will not indicate fungal infections. By interpreting the information from both the culture AND the cytology, you get a better indication of what's really going on. If you have bacterial growth on the culture but no inflammatory cells on the culture, its likely a contaminant on the culture. If you get inflammatory cells on the cytology, but a negative culture, further diagnostics need to be done, whether its a repeat culture, fungal evaulation (mainly through cytology) or biopsy. The current trend, especially for hard-to-settle mares is low-volume cytology, where a small amount of sterile saline is administered into the uterus, allowed to sit in contact, and then collected back. The fluid will then suspend all the debris & cells, the fluid is centrifuged and concentrated and then the gunk left behind is evaluated. Its a truer picture of what's going on throughout the uterus.
In this case, I did just a standard culture & cytology, both of which were negative. So we just wait for the time to be right and we're good to go!!
Dina Wild, DVM
Veterinarian by day...and some nights...and most weekends...and every other holiday.
Wanna-be photographer the rest of the time.
**UNABLE TO TAKE PERSONAL QUESTIONS VIA PM AT THIS TIME!!**